Joëlle Alhadef-Lake (author), Martin G. Abegg, Jr. (thesis supervisor), Dorothy Peters (second reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
During the period of the writing of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Tetragrammaton (YHWH) was so sacred that it had become an ineffable name. This thesis studies alternations in the usage of the Tetragrammaton in non-biblical manuscripts at Qumran through an analysis of scriptural quotations from the Torah to the Nevi'im in the Dead Sea Scrolls citing the Tetragrammaton. Thirty-three distinctive divine name alternations were identified. Additionally, a list of alternation types and of scrolls featuring alternations in Qumran were compiled. Distinctive groups of scrolls were identified at Qumran: some featured the Tetragrammaton, with or without alternations, and some circumvented it completely. Our study focuses on the avoidance of the Tetragrammaton, on alternations in square script, and on writing traditions: El, Tetrapuncta and paleo-Hebrew. Two applications were then investigated: the use of alternations in divine names in order to determine the scrolls' origins and the distribution of names in paleo-Hebrew in these scrolls.
Megan J. England (author), Derrick Klaassen (thesis supervisor), Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham (second reader), Peter Gubi (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
This study sought to understand Christian clients’ experiences of praying in therapy. Currently, there is little research in this area, which may reflect the fact that praying in therapy is often regarded as ethically contentious. This thesis, thus, seeks to fill a gap in the literature by asking: what are Christian clients’ lived experiences of praying in therapy sessions? A hermeneutic phenomenological research approach (van Manen, 1990, 2014) was used to understand the meaning of praying in therapy. Five Christian women were interviewed. Eight themes emerged: seeking support; therapist guidance and support; following and participating in prayer; the sanctuary of prayer; acknowledging and encountering God; letting go and leaning on God; clarity through prayer; and journeying on. Participants shared that praying was part of their path to healing and was a relational and spiritual experience. These findings support that praying can be meaningful for and beneficial to clients.
Jerlyn J. Chan (author), Marvin McDonald (co-supervisor), Robert Lees (co-supervisor), Christine Slavik (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
This thesis project explored educators’ views of a mindfulness program that was delivered to elementary school students by high school students. This youth-led approach to delivering mental health literacy was evaluated as part of a pilot project that intended to connect both older and younger students and pass down mindfulness education. The method, the Enhanced Critical Incident Technique, was selected and involved conducting in-person interviews with each of the participants. The participants consisted of six educators, who offered diverse perspectives by their first-hand knowledge and experience of the program or familiarity with the program’s development. Participants included the elementary school and high school teachers, the elementary school principal and community agency staff. The findings of this study showed a consensus whereby educators viewed the program favourably and believed it to be valuable to their students and their larger community. The youth-led approach was shown to demonstrate the youth’s capacity to act as positive role models and lead the mindfulness training. The feasibility of the program was supported with reference to key partnerships and its possible application to additional community settings. An enthusiasm and keen interest to continue and expand the program were also captured in the results. The educators’ views of this program, the Youth-led Mindfulness Program (YLMP), were investigated to answer the following research question: What are educators’ views about what helps and hinders school-based mental health literacy programs that are delivered by youth as mindfulness trainers?
Willow C. Glasier (author), Mihaela Launeanu (thesis supervisor), Janelle Kwee (second reader), Nancy Sidell (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Placing a loved one in care does not relieve informal caregivers’ physical and emotional stresses, yet the experience of caregivers during the long process of separation has not been fully explored, especially in Canada. This study sought to identify the social processes of involuntary separation for caregiving spouses. Participants were 17 spouse-caregivers who had been involuntarily separated for an average of 20 months. All participants lived in Southern Alberta. Data were comprised of 12 individual interviews and one focus group. Using Charmaz’s (2006) model of grounded theory, this study found that the basic social process of spouse-caregiver involuntary separation was connecting, which had three distinct stages: 1) Initial news and coping, 2) Adjusting to new situation, and 3) Moving forward. There were four additional categories: 1) Adjustment to separation, 2) Significant Helping Roles, 3) Family, and 4) Social world. Movement through the three stages was influenced by reciprocal connections.
Mark A. Haukaas (author), James M. Scott (thesis supervisor), Kent D. Clarke (second reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Although many scholars regard Rev 1:7, 1:8, or 1:7-8 as thematic for Revelation, they have not substantiated their claim. Revelation 1:7-8, which highlights the cosmic parousia of Jesus Christ, is the multivalent thematic statement of the Apocalypse. Revelation 1:7-8 features a prominent allusion to Dan 7:13, which serves to unlock the multilayered meaning of the Apocalypse. To highlight Rev 1:7-8, the author uses such literary devices as poetry, inclusio, inclusive language, and liturgical dialogue. The author also uses chain-link interlock to connect Rev 1:7-8 with Rev 1:9-20, which is thematic. The author further links Rev 1:7-8 and Revelation 4-5 and establishes Daniel 7 as an allusion that controls these two central chapters. The author uses key words throughout Revelation 6-22 that resonate with Rev 1:7-8. With Rev 1:7-8 as the axis, the author expands the meaning of Christ's cosmic parousia in all its dimensions and ramifications.
Fred Chou (author), Janelle Kwee (thesis supervisor), Robert Lees (thesis supervisor), Marla Buchanan (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
This Youth Participatory Action Research (YPAR) study collaborated with six students from alternate education to inquire about the experiences of vulnerable youth--students who have disengaged from mainstream education. Utilizing the Enhanced Critical Incident Technique, youth researchers asked their peers: what helped and hindered their retention and success in mainstream and alternate education? Youth researchers engaged in authentic participation and took part in the iterative phases of YPAR--critical reflection and social action. Their involvement empowered them to advocate for their peers by disseminating the results and recommendations to key stakeholders within the community. Youth researchers conducted semi-structured interviews with 18 participants. Overall, the findings show that relationships with staff and peers, flexibility, psychosocial and academic supports, and personal circumstances are vital in helping vulnerable students succeed in school. Engagement in YPAR provided insight on how to work with vulnerable youth in a manner that promotes agency and social change.
Daniel O. McClellan (author), Craig Broyles (thesis supervisor), Martin Abegg (second reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
This thesis has two primary goals: (1) to analyze the countours and extent of the generic category of deity in the Hebrew Bible, and (2) propose a semantic base for the term. It begins with a description of the fields associated with cognitive theory, and particularly cognitive linguistics. Chapter 2 examines the cognitive origins of notions of deity and discusses how this heritage is reflected within the biblical texts. The third chapter examines the conceptualization of Israel’s prototypical deity, YHWH, beginning from the earliest divine profiles detectable within the text. In Chapter 4 the discussion returns to the generic notion of deity, highlighting references within the biblical text to deities other than YHWH. The conclusion synthesizes the different sections of the thesis, sketching the origins and development of the Hebrew Bible’s representation of both prototypical and non-prototypical notions of deity. Implications for further research are then briefly discussed.