TWU Thesis Collection

Pages

Daoist Humility: How Ancient Chinese Wisdom and Modern Psychology Are Telling Us to Be Natural by Going Against the Flow
Title:
Contributor:
Benjamin KC Birkenstock (author), Myron Penner (thesis supervisor), Yonghua Ge (second reader), Edward G Slingerland (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This paper develops a Daoist account of the virtue of humility in light of psychological research. Warry of self-deprecation, contemporary psychology has redefined humility as accurate self-perception combined with other-focus, but provides little explanation as to how these “twin dimensions” coincide and produce humble behavior. The Daodejing (5-3rd centuries BCE) provides a helpful perspective on humility. Any effort or ambition pushed too far becomes counterproductive. By embracing lowliness and identifying with socially-undesirable conditions, we subvert self-destructive vanity. Psychological studies over the past century tellingly suggest that the human mind only has limited capacities for cognitive control, and that prescribing symptoms—ironically intending the very outcomes we usually avoid—is often more productive than trying to control them. I propose that a conception of humility as the tendency of choosing to accept unwanted outcomes and situations when necessary is more practical and realistic than the current “twin-dimensional” account.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2022
Darwinian epistemology : assessing the implications for reliable cognition in a non-adaptive domain of belief
Title:
Contributor:
Andrew Brigham (author), Myron Penner (thesis supervisor), Phillip Wiebe (second reader), Helen De Cruz (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace departed ways on the implications of evolution for human cognition. While Darwin argued that natural selection affected both the reliability and unreliability of human cognitive faculties, Wallace rejected the idea that natural selection could explain higher order intelligence. If Wallace is right, then Darwinian epistemology seems implausible. However, I argue that this position is false. In Chapter 1 I survey a history of Darwinian epistemology. In Chapter 2 I examine the Scope Objection to Darwinian epistemology: that evolution did not supply us with the natural cognitive capacities for achieving non-adaptive true beliefs. In Chapter 3 I respond to the Scope Objection by assessing Robert McCauley’s theory of natural cognition. In Chapter 4 I evaluate two difficulties with my response to the Scope Objection. I conclude that evolution is sufficient for explaining the reliability of human cognitive faculties in non-adaptive domains of belief.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2014
Death Ends a Life, Not a Relationship:  Family Bereavement, Relational Grieving, and Continuing Bonds
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Contributor:
B. Tammy Bartel (author), Derrick W. Klaassen (thesis supervisor), Janice W. Nadeau (second reader), Lauren J. Breen (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This study explored the complex, multifaceted, relational dimensions of grieving in the family unit. Three bereaved families, who had lost a child participated in a family conversation and individual processing interviews. The guiding research question was, “how do bereaved families grieve together and continue a relationship with their deceased child?” Data were collected using the qualitative action-project method (QA-PM). This unique methodology offered a glimpse into how these families engaged with each other in their joint grieving actions. Data analysis was informed by action theory, family systems theory, and an instrumental case study approach. Family grieving processes were identified for each family and commonalities included turning towards their grief, sharing the pain, experiencing both joy and sorrow, participating in mourning events, ongoing rituals and remembrances, recognizing different individual grieving styles, and a shared, enduring connection to their deceased child that connected them to each other. The findings from this study demonstrate the importance of recognizing the interpersonal dimensions of the grieving process, and the family as a resource in this process.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2016
A Description of Pimbwe (Bantu, Tanzania) : Phonology, Grammar, and Discourse
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Contributor:
Jonathan W Weiss (author), Steve Nicolle (thesis supervisor), Sean Allison (second reader), Lotta Aunio (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
The present study is the first formal description of Pimbwe, a Bantu language (in the M.11 group) spoken in western Tanzania. After situating the Pimbwe language within the wider linguistic context, I describe Pimbwe phonology, tone, and grammar, with particular emphasis on the structure of the verb. Finally, natural language use in extended discourse is described based on two running commentaries of the Pear Story film.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2020
The Determiner in Makary Kotoko Narrative Discourse: Attention Guidance and Salience
Title:
Contributor:
Hannah C Olney (author), Steve Nicolle (thesis supervisor), Sean Allison (second reader), Joseph Lovestrand (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
The Makary Kotoko [Chadic] determiner is not a grammatically obligatory marker. Although constrained by the identifiability of the referent, speakers are not required to use the determiner in any particular instance. In narrative texts, the distribution of the determiner can be understood through the principles of attention guidance and salience. The primary pattern of distribution is “salience tracking”, where referents receive determiner marking any time they are directly involved in the narrative. Exceptions to this pattern still contribute to the narrator’s overall goal of attention guidance. In addition, two of the nine texts analyzed displayed a different distribution pattern, “salience flagging”, where the determiner occurred less frequently but still for the purpose of attention guidance. Finally, I propose that the difference between these two patterns may be a result of the process of determiner grammaticalization.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2021
Discerning Between True and False Prophets in Jeremiah
Title:
Contributor:
Janick Fortier (author), Andrew Krause (thesis supervisor), Robert J. V. Hiebert (second reader), Lissa M. Wray Beal (external examiner), Trinity Western University GSTS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
How does one differentiate between true and false prophets? The Bible gives numerous criteria for such discernment, but biblical scholars have long recognized the challenge to their applicability. Focusing on the book of Jeremiah, my investigation leads me toward a clearer understanding of what constitute a true prophet and a list of criteria on how to distinguish them from false prophets. My criteria bring attention primarily to the person and the message of the prophet. These criteria do not eliminate all doubts for all prophetic claims, but I argue that they prove to be useful enough to inspire confidence for the assessment of prophets. It is my contention that complexity and difficulties should not lead one to conclude that prophetic discernment is impossible. Like in many more areas, discernment criteria expect the use of prudence and wisdom in their application.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2022
Discerning success of indigenous health students in community-based programs
Title:
Contributor:
Marti Harder (author), Barbara Astle (thesis supervisor), Sonya Grypma (second reader), Evelyn Voyageur (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Post-secondary educational institutions have partnered with Indigenous groups to provide community-based healthcare programs. In a qualitative study, eight participants from a northern British Columbia community were interviewed about their descriptions of success, and its influencing factors in a community-based healthcare program. The core theme of courage and categorical themes of nurturing the learning, owning the learning, and discerning success for learning emerged from the data, which revealed changes in students' lives as they moved through their schooling. Conclusions were: 1) Courage was needed to overcome fears and barriers during students' education; 2) Receiving nurturing through a whole-person approach promoted success; 3) Students' journeys were fostered through the support of others; 4) Students learning to believe in themselves was a key element of success; and 5) Collective community success was experienced when students were successful in a program. The importance of community voices may contribute towards planning future healthcare programs.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2014
Disclosure of ASD Diagnosis and Peer's Social Response in Grade 3 to 7 Children
Title:
Contributor:
Jasmine (Tsing) Lee (author), Ken Pudlas (thesis supervisor), David Carter (second reader), Grace Iarocci (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Deficit in social communication skills is common to people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) which hinders their social interaction with others. Bolton and Ault (2018) suggested a positive correlation between Autism diagnosis disclosure and positive social response in college students and adults. The current study investigated if similar results can be observed from younger participants. Forty-three participants from grades three to seven participated in this study. The participants were asked to complete a questionnaire to ascertain their social responses toward a peer who demonstrates ASD traits with or without an ASD diagnosis disclosure. Also, information about participants’ gender, grade level and empathy scores were collected and analysed. The result showed that the group which was disclosed to an ASD designation demonstrated more prosocial responses and less asocial responses. Although the difference was not statistically significant, this initial study suggested the possibility of a positive effect of ASD diagnosis disclosure.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2020
Dividing to Connect: An Ethnography of Canal Zone Americans
Title:
Contributor:
Marilee R Brewer (author), Jamin R Pelkey (thesis supervisor), Edgar D Trick (second reader), Lori P Gardner (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This thesis is a linguistic ethnography of the Americans who moved from the Panama Canal Zone to the U.S. when the Canal was sold to Panama. Theirs was a society of authoritarian socialism, lived beneath the Zone’s official motto: “The Land Divided, The World United.” Close-knit, but wary of outsiders, they called themselves “Zonians.” Using Thomas More’s Utopia as a gestalt for the utopian experience, this study compares the features of More’s Utopia with the Panama Canal Zone. In particular, it examines the utopian gesture of dividing from the old to connect to the new, arguing that the image-schematic metaphor of dividing in order to connect is constitutive of Zonian culture at multiple semiotic levels, from the physical transformation of the earth, to the social construction of group identity to everyday practices involving intercultural relations.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2018
Drawn by the Father: A Lexicological and Exegetical Study of John 6:44
Title:
Contributor:
Fernando A Miranda (author), Jonathan Numada (thesis supervisor), Brian M Rapske (second reader), Joshua Coutts (external examiner), Trinity Western University GSTS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
The meaning of the drawing of the Father in John 6:44 has been debated among scholars in biblical commentaries and lexicons. Most interpretations of the use of ἕλκω (draw) in John 6:44 have focused more on current systematic theological debates as the framework to define the idea of the drawing of the Father. Although there has been valuable work on it, an accurate lexicological study of the word ἕλκω in connection with an exegetical study that focuses on the literary context of the gospel of John is still missing. This thesis applies lexicological methodologies such as diachronic and synchronic approaches to get a valid definition of the drawing of the Father which would lead to a better understanding, not only of this divine action, but also of an important mechanism that unites the ministry Jesus and the revelation of the Father in the law of Moses.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2022
Educational Support For Novice Teachers In Creating Inclusive Classrooms
Title:
Contributor:
Alyxandra T McClure (author), Kenneth Pudlas (thesis supervisor), Lara Ragpot (second reader), David Carter (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Shelley Moore wrote, “We are diverse, all of us. We all have strengths, we all have stretches, and we all need to get better at something” (Moore, 2016, p.5). Numerous teachers in British Columbia (BC) feel professionally unprepared to fulfil the needs of students with special needs (Naylor, 2003; Moore, 2016). This qualitative study examined how employed novice teachers are being supported to create and teach in inclusive classrooms. To answer this question, I interviewed six participants comprised of novice teachers and leadership team members. I made three recommendations. First, I recommended that schools establish mentorship programs for their novice teachers. Second, I recommended establishing collaboration time, so that all teachers will have time to share and discuss their understandings and learning. Finally, for the benefit of all teachers I encouraged schools to focus professional development on topics related to inclusion.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2021
Educators' Perspectives of Youth-Led Implementation of the FRIENDS For Life Program: A Critical Incident Study
Title:
Contributor:
Nathan T Bartz (author), Marvin McDonald (thesis supervisor), Robert Lees (thesis supervisor), Annette Vogt (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This study examined the viability of a newly piloted implementation model of the FRIENDS for Life anxiety prevention program. In Chilliwack, British Columbia, a collaborative community initiative piloted an implementation model of the FRIENDS for Life program, which involved the inclusion of high school students as chief implementers of the FRIENDS program to local elementary school populations. The purpose of the study was to answer the question of what helps and hinders the implementation of FRIENDS when high school students are the implementers. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five educators who were asked about their experiences with the FRIENDS program, what helpful and hindering incidents they observed, and to provide a wish list for future improvements. Results suggest that a youth-led FRIENDS implementation model is a viable model of program delivery and worth consideration for future development and refinement.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2018

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