TWU Thesis Collection

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Exploring the Experience of Mothers Who Have Children with Albinism in Tanzania: A Critical Ethnography
Title:
Contributor:
Emma B. Strobell (author), Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham (thesis supervisor), Barbara J. Astle (second reader), Sonya Sharma (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Little is understood about the everyday lives of mothers of children with albinism in sub-Saharan Africa, specifically Tanzania. This region has a harrowing history of discrimination and violent attacks against persons with albinism, largely rooted in cultural/spiritual beliefs and practices, and perpetuated by layers of myth about albinism. A focused critical ethnographic study, through the lens of Hudson-Weems’ (2019) Africana Womanism, explored the experiences of mothers of children with albinism in Tanzania, addressed the gendered nature of this condition, and considered the human rights and resilience of the mothers. One participant’s story illuminated human rights and resilience from a mother’s standpoint, which was the backdrop for the presentation of findings that included stories of other mothers with albinism and the perspectives of key stakeholders. These findings highlight the social ecological nature of resilience for these mothers. Recommendations focus on policy, advocacy, and research related to health and social services and education.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2020
Extending the spirit : a qualitative secondary analysis on nurses’ perspectives on spirituality
Title:
Contributor:
Kyla Janzen (author), Barbara Astle (thesis supervisor), Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham (second reader), Linda Shea (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Once laden with promise, modernization and secularization have not remedied the societal ills of our time. Individuals have begun to seek answers outside of the confines of traditional religion, often developing a personalized spirituality. As Canadian society returns its attention to spirituality, nursing acts of spiritual care arguably gain importance. The purpose of this study was to explore the influences on spirituality and spiritual caregiving in nursing practice. This qualitative secondary analysis compared and contrasted the narratives of fourteen nurses: eight from acute settings and six from community settings. The participants self-identified their spiritual/religious affiliations: Christians, Catholic, Muslim, spiritual but not religious, and not spiritual or religious. From an interpretative descriptive framework, five nested themes were identified as influencing spiritual caregiving in healthcare contexts: the nurse as custodian of spiritual caregiving, nursing acts of spiritual caregiving, professional and organizational silence, distinctive environments, and the Canadian milieu.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2012
Faculty Preparation for Accompanying Nursing Students on International Experiences: Moving Beyond Trial-and-Error
Title:
Contributor:
Amanda Grace Egert (author), Barbara J Astle (thesis supervisor), Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham (second reader), Sonya Jakubec (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Many Canadian nursing programs offer international experiences (IEs) as educational opportunities for students. While evidence of pre-departure preparation exists for students, little is known about the preparation of faculty who accompany them. In this qualitative study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine novice-to-expert nursing faculty to explore faculty preparation for accompanying nursing students on IEs. The interpretive description design was informed by critical inquiry methods which examined preparation alignment with critical global perspectives. Four themes were interpreted including: the overarching theme of gaining preparation expertise over time, and three main themes of learning on-the-job, discovering the different responsibilities, and learning for-the-job. In the findings, experience was emphasized over formal preparation. Additionally, preparation was complicated by a lack of global health knowledge and a lack of institutional support. Recommendations include moving beyond learning from trial-and-error and moving towards intentional preparation that better considers the experience, knowledge, skills, and attitudes for preparing nursing faculty for IEs.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2019
Fiction in the Integrated Circuit
Title:
Contributor:
Eric A. Stein (author), Jens Zimmermann (thesis supervisor), Holly F. Nelson (second reader), John Bonnett (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This study takes up the question of the cyborg through a close reading of key historical texts in the technical and scientific literature informing modern integrated circuit technology, and of twentieth- and twenty-first century texts in continental theory and philosophy, in order to present a viable notion of subjectivity for our technological age. To this end, this study articulates a morphology of the cyborg as a philosophical, political, and technological subject uniquely situated and acting in the world, a subject that upends conceptions of truth and knowledge as representation or correspondence. The cyborg instead presents a playful sensibility in touch with the openness of existence itself to becoming, newness, and life. Through her skillful traversal of the world-machine the cyborg resists established networks of power, creating havens of intimacy in the dark away from the searing light of transcendental reason.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2018
Formation by Christocentricity-Grace-Spirit : Applying a Redemptive-Historical Preaching Paradigm to the Chinese Christian Community in Metro Vancouver
Title:
Contributor:
Peter Kwok-Ping Choy (author), Larry Perkins (thesis supervisor), Daryl Busby (second reader), Trinity Western University GSTS (Degree granting institution), Hing-Kau (Jason) Yeung (external examiner)
Abstract:
Assuming the potential practice of egocentric and works-based moralism in the Chinese Christian community in Metro Vancouver, this project investigates the validity of applying a redemptive-historical preaching paradigm to the community that may address this moralistic problem. This preaching paradigm emphasizes Christocentric, grace-based and pneumatic aspects in the redemptive truth, and this paper argues that from a gospel-kingdom perspective this triple-emphasis of proclamation provides the most effective solution to the matter and that only "through this proclamation by the Holy Spirit" generates a genuine spiritual formation in Christian life (true love and obedience towards God).
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2015
Going Through A 24-Hour Box: How Women’s Experiences of Childbirth Shape Their Embodied Sense of Self
Title:
Contributor:
Neeta Sai (author), Dr. Janelle Kwee (thesis supervisor), Dr. Mihaela Launeanu (second reader), Dr. Keren Epstein-Gilboa (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Women’s experiences of childbirth are understood primarily in terms of role change and physical or cognitive impacts. This study adopted a holistic, embodied perspective to explore how women’s childbirth experiences shape their embodied sense of self. Six women’s childbirth experiences were analysed using Gilligan’s (1982) Listening Guide method, adapted by integrating Längle’s (1993) Existential Analysis framework of the Four Fundamental Motivations. The analysis uncovered women’s voices of fulfillment and suffering as dynamic interplay suggesting that positive birth experience led to positive embodied sense of self while negative birth experience (e.g., disrupted embodiment) led to negative sense of self. These findings indicate that childbirth and motherhood can empower women to grow and be strong even in spite of possible traumatic or negative birth experience. This study has important implications for promoting a holistic understanding of the role of women’s subjective experiences of childbirth in shaping their embodied sense of self.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2018
The Greek perfect and the categorization of tense and aspect : toward a descriptive apparatus for operators in role and reference grammar
Title:
Contributor:
Michael Aubrey (author), Sean Allison (thesis supervisor), Steven Runge (second reader), Michael Boutin (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This thesis expands the theoretical basis for operators within Role and Reference Grammar, using the Greek perfect as a test case. I examine current the approach to tense and aspect in RRG and its strengths and weaknesses. Some areas of RRG have a robust set of tools for language description, but semantic operators do not. I propose a model for tense and aspect operators that fills gaps in RRG while maintaining the integrity and spirit of the linguistic theory. I begin with a survey of the broader typological literature on tense and aspect to establish a set of tests for the evaluation and categorization of operators. I apply these tests to the Greek Perfect to evaluate their effectiveness, and concluding with a synthetic model for tense and aspect operators that satisfies the claims of the broader literature thereby furthering the goals of RRG as a framework for language description.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2014
Grieving in Community: Accompanying Bereaved Parents
Title:
Contributor:
Marnie C Venema (author), Derrick W Klaassen (thesis supervisor), Janelle L Kwee (second reader), Richard A Young (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This study explored relational grieving in community through examining how community members grieve with bereaved parents after the death of a child. Three bereaved parent couples and their community members were interviewed together using the qualitative action-project method (QA-PM) to examine their shared grieving actions. Data was analyzed through top-down and bottom-up processes to understand the shared intentions of their grieving actions together. The findings of this research elicited thick descriptions of relational grieving at a community level. Four main assertions of how communities grieve with bereaved parents emerged including: (a) selflessly offering emotional and practical support, (b) engaging in and honouring vulnerability, (c) holding the complexity of grieving, and (d) fostering remembrance of the deceased child together. The novel descriptions of relational grieving in community contributed to the growing area of relational bereavement research. The theoretical, empirical, and clinical implications of this study were discussed.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2019
Grieving Together: An Ethnography of Relational Grief in Community
Title:
Contributor:
Benjamin J Bentum (author), Derrick W Klaassen (thesis supervisor), Janelle Kwee (second reader), Terry Lynn Gall (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
In this study community relational grief was researched by addressing how community members reciprocally interacted during bereavement. A focussed ethnography was used to address the research question which was, how does a religious community grieve the deaths of members together? Data analysis used the constant comparative method and was presented back to the community in a performance ethnography for confirmation and further data collection. The result was a contextually situated description of how this community grieved the deaths of community members. The four main themes were that community members: (a) shared a desire to care for the bereaved, (b) assessed relational proximity to the bereaved and the deceased to inform action according to role expectations, (c) grieved together, being impacted and impacting each other reciprocally, and (d) grieved, and interacted, according to their own unique characteristics and experiences. Implications for bereavement theory, research and practice were discussed.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2017
Growing up Male: a Social-Emotional Program for Grade 11 Males with Behavioural Needs in a BC Secondary School
Title:
Contributor:
Brendan Kwiatkowski (author), Allyson Jule (thesis supervisor), Janelle Kwee (second reader), Byle Frank (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Male adolescents who have behavioural needs are some of the most vulnerable students in schools today. To meet the pressing need of helping such students, a gender-conscious 9-session intervention course was developed and implemented by the researcher for nine grade 11 male students with behavioural needs for and at a public secondary school in British Columbia. Exit interviews with participants suggest that participants gained social and emotional insights via the intervention. Quantitatively, participants filled out the Gender Role Conflict Scale for Adolescents to self assess three variables associated with emotional health, while their teachers completed the Conners 3-TS to assess for two variables related to social health. Only one variable improved, Restricted Emotionality (p < .05), from the start to end of the intervention. Within this study’s ethnographic framework, the researcher’s interactions with the young men also revealed their frustrations regarding their feelings of being marginalized by educators in schools.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2016
Habermas on Religion in the Public Sphere: a Post-Secular Conservative Critique
Title:
Contributor:
André Costa (author), Grant Havers (thesis supervisor), Jens Zimmermann (second reader), Paul Gottfried (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Jürgen Habermas “institutional proviso” purports to overcome secularism by inviting religion back into the public debate. This paper examines Habermas’ understanding of the role of religion in the public sphere and his attempt to make room for religious citizens in the post-secular society. My main argument is that Habermas’ desire to welcome religion in the public sphere is blocked by aspects of his own philosophy: namely, an understanding of religion over against the secular, and a concept of neutrality informed by the Enlightenment’s prejudice against tradition. Habermas fails to grasp the difficulties involved in the “translation” process. His own political project relies upon the truth-validity of religious presuppositions and in some ways operates in terms of what some have called “political religion.” While Habermas’ effort to welcome religion is rightly celebrated, he is still not able to articulate a coherent affirmation of the necessity of religion in the public life.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2015
Hellenistic Greek Middle Voice: Semantic Event Structure and Voice Typology
Title:
Contributor:
Rachel E. Aubrey (author), Steven E. Runge (thesis supervisor), David J. Sigrist (second reader), Richard A. Rhodes (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This thesis advocates a semantic approach to Hellenistic Greek middle voice, endeavoring to capture a variety of middle expressions and their internal semantic relations. Various event types that receive middle expression in Greek form a continuum; they adopt the scale of semantic transitivity as a conceptual foundation for middle phenomena, among middle systems cross-linguistically and in Ancient Greek (Kemmer 1993). Historical traditions in voice analysis point to syntactic relationships, with alternations framed as choices in clausal subject. Such narrow definitions do not capture the semantic behavior of the Greek middle. Neglecting differences in semantic event structure overlooks fundamental aspects of the Greek voice system. The present analysis describes Greek voice in terms of meaning-oriented distinctions in event structure, as they pertain to shifts in both the type of action and attentional focus regarding facets of an event frame, engaging semantic and pragmatic motivations in voice (Langacker 2006, Shibatani 2006).
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2020

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