TWU Thesis Collection

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Language Variation in Western Amman
Title:
Contributor:
Haya E Fadda (author), Hassan Abdel-Jawad (second reader), Dave Jeffery (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution), Sean Allison (thesis supervisor)
Abstract:
The present study investigates two forms of language variation in Ammani Arabic: Qaf variation and Arabic-English code-switching. After discussing the formation of the dialect of Amman and identifying the input dialects, I address the following questions related to the first form of language variation- Qaf variation: (a) whether a change from the traditional Jordanian [g] to the urban Palestinian [ʔ] is taking place in the city and is on its way to completion in the speech of both genders; (b) what the uses of [q] are and (c) why there is an increase in its use as a variable. As for the second form of language variation- code-switching, I investigate the functions of code-switching in the speech of millennials in Amman and their frequencies based on gender.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2019
The "Law of the Land" in the Land of Lagides: A Comparative Analysis of Exodus 21:1-32
Title:
Contributor:
Joel F. Korytko (author), Larry J. Perkins (thesis supervisor), Robert J. V. Hiebert (second reader), Dirk Büchner (external examiner), Trinity Western University GSTS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Septuagint Exodus has long been recognized as an outlier when it comes to the general rigidity and stereotypical translation practices found in other books within the LXX corpus. The general freedom exhibited by the translator, though expressed within careful limits, is well-documented when it comes to grammatical, syntactical, and lexicographical evaluations. This thesis, while engaging in the descriptive analysis of these topics, is also directed towards a new type of synthesis: a comparison of the translation with Ptolemaic legal norms. It is due to the idiosyncrasies and anomalies arising from a translation-technical analysis that the question is asked, “Could these differences be accounted for by consulting Greek legal and societal standards?” With respect to Exodus 21.1-32, the answer in many cases is, “Yes.” This study demarcates these potential influences on a verse by verse basis after briefly identifying the broader legal structures and forces at play in Ptolemaic Egypt.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2018
Leveraging church culture : how understanding a church’s culture enhances ministry and community engagement
Title:
Contributor:
Michael Mawhorter (author), Lyle Schrag (thesis supervisor), Archie Spencer (second reader), Trinity Western University GSTS (Degree granting institution), Randy Wollf (third reader)
Abstract:
This study looked at organizational culture in a church context, exploring whether understanding and leveraging a church's culture helps focus ministry and maximizes effectiveness. The research used What Is Your Church's Personality, by Philip D. Douglass, in the ministry context of Ladner Baptist Church, Ladner B.C. There were three components to the research: 1. Thirty-five opinion leaders in the congregation took a personality survey with results plotted on a wheel of eight church personalities. 2. A meeting to report the results, with opportunity for feedback and discussion. 3. A follow up interview to assess whether the leadership found this process helpful in understanding their culture and leveraging it for greater effectiveness in ministry and outreach. The result of this project demonstrated that the survey accurately identified the church's personality and the supplemental material on each personality gave valuable insights into how to leverage that culture for greater effectiveness.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2015
Liberating Reason Through Tradition : A Hermeneutic Critique of the Subjective-Objective Dichotomy and Its Implications for Christianity
Title:
Contributor:
Zarchary Porcu (author), Jens Zimmermann (thesis supervisor), Grant Havers (second reader), Robert Doede (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
The Enlightenment’s pursuit of verification pushed all knowledge into two categories: the objective and the subjective. Following this starting point, I argue for three things: First, that the Reformation movement is essentially conducted in the same spirit and with the same result as the Enlightenment: a push towards a certain kind of verifiability that ends up creating the same dichotomy between objective and subjective. Second, that the way to liberate reason from these problematic categories is to turn to Gadamer and the hermeneutic movement to re-contextualize and re-define how reason is used to acquire knowledge in light of our experience of it. Finally, that Eastern Orthodoxy provides a strong model for a Christianity animated by these hermeneutical principles, and further, that sacramental theology takes Gadamer's idea of truth as indwelling to its next logical step.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2015
Lifespan Integration Efficacy: A Mixed Methods Multiple Case Study
Title:
Contributor:
Monica Hu (author), Janelle Kwee (thesis supervisor), Marvin McDonald (second reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Attachment theory and neurobiological research have much to say about the etiology and dynamics of psychological distress. Lifespan Integration (LI) therapy was developed by Peggy Pace (2003/2012) through years of treating adults with histories of childhood abuse and trauma. Since 2003 over one thousand clinicians have been trained in LI worldwide. Growing anecdotal reports of success call for research into LI's efficacy. A rigourous, adjudicated case study research design (Hermeneutic Single Case Efficacy Design, HSCED, Elliott, 2001, 2002) was expanded to accommodate three cases. In addition to the question of efficacy, whether and how LI protocols would be linked with the underlying theory via support in the data was also investigated. The results indicate that each of the three participants experienced significant clinical change and that there was alignment with theory supporting the claim that LI works to foster integration and other markers associated with higher functioning and mental health.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2014
Lifespan integration therapy with trauma-exposed children : a hermeneutic single case efficacy study
Title:
Contributor:
Christian Rensch (author), Janelle Kwee (thesis supervisor), Marvin McDonald (second reader), Susan Stephen (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Trauma in children is a devastating reality with immense psychological impact on the child. Numbers indicate that millions of children experience trauma every year. Outcome research therapy with trauma-exposed children is scarce and mostly focuses on cognitive and behavioural changes. Anecdotal evidence suggests that Lifespan Integration (LI) therapy integrates traumatic experiences into other life experiences leaving them feeling more congruent and renewed. In this research study, we investigate the efficacy of Lifespan Integration with children by means of careful examination of one participant. We applied Robert Elliott’s Hermeneutic Single Case Efficacy Research Design (2002, 2014), which uses quantitative and qualitative data to argue for and against therapy efficacy. The 12-year-old research participant received 8 sessions of LI over three months, and data was collected before, throughout, and after therapy. The extent of the client’s change over the course of therapy was investigated, as well as LI’s contribution to the change, and what parts of LI were most helpful in bringing about change. Findings indicate that the client changed substantially over the course of therapy with lasting effects at follow-up, LI was substantially responsible for this change, and the timeline as an LI specific modality helped to bring this change. Details about trauma-exposed children, the theoretical underpinnings of LI, a detailed description of the HSCED procedure, as well as further directions of LI and HSCED are discussed.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2015
The lived experience of men in reparative therapy
Title:
Contributor:
William Stanus (author), Marvin McDonald (thesis supervisor), William Dreikorn (second reader), Derrick Klaassen (second reader), Mark Yarhouse (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This study is a phenomenological exploration of client voice in psychotherapy. Five men were recruited from the Thomas Aquinas Psychological Clinic while in reparative therapy for issues related to unwanted Same-Sex Attraction (SSA). Open-ended interviews were conducted by telephone and then transcribed and analyzed via a phenomenological research methodology. Thematic analysis yielded 11 themes which described these men's experiences in therapy and the impact of therapy on their lives as a whole, including domains such as work, relationships, and sense of self. Reparative therapy for these men emerged as primarily about a struggle for healing of masculine identity. Benefits included being able to build better non-sexual relationships with men, becoming more open to intimate relating to a woman, and improving their sense of themselves as men. This research has shed further light on the process of reparative therapy as it is practiced at the Aquinas Clinic.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2013
The lived experience of moral injury in the context of intimate partner relationships: A phenomenological exploration
Title:
Contributor:
Sara Kuburic (author), Mihaela Launeanu (thesis supervisor), Derrick Klaassen (second reader), Tennyson Samraj (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Moral injury (MI) represents a unique psychological suffering instigated by one's transgression of moral values, beliefs, and expectations. MI has a serious negative impact on the psychological, existential, behavioural, and relational aspects of an individual's life. At its core, MI shakes and sometimes shatters one's sense of self, perception of humanity, and overall worldview, bringing into question fundamental values of the human existence. Thus far, research studies on MI have focused almost exclusively on investigating MI within the military context, and no study has yet investigated the lived experience of MI. The present study aimed to examine the lived experience of MI in the context of intimate partner relationships. To this end, adult participants who self-identified as having experienced moral injury due to emotional abuse and/or infidelity within their intimate partner relationships were interviewed using hermeneutic phenomenology as research method. Through the phenomenological analysis of the participants' lived experience, six core thematic meanings of MI emerged: (1) self-estrangement, (2) transgressions and discord, (3) sudden awareness, (4) lostness and sorrow, (5) will to change, and (6) the aftermath. Phenomenological writing further elaborated these thematic meanings in an effort to uncover the phenomenon of MI in the context of intimate partner relationships. The findings of this study uncovered the phenomenon of MI as a process of unraveling, becoming and transforming through suffering. The theoretical contributions and clinical implications of this study are discussed in terms of emphasizing the transformative potential of moral injury experienced in relational context. Moreover, this study revealed the importance of self and self-estrangement in the experience of MI, in addition to other key components of the phenomenon (i.e., awareness and agency).
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2018
The lived experiences of romantic relationships following child loss
Title:
Contributor:
Erin Buhr (author), Derrick Klaassen (thesis supervisor), Briana N. Goff (second reader), Paige Toller (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This study examined the impact a child’s death had on bereaved parent’s relationships with their significant other utilizing phenomenology. The research question was “what was the experience of the relationship with your significant other following the loss of your child?” Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight participants. Themes included: The relationship changed after the child’s death; Communication was important to the relationship dynamic; Grieving differences existed and impacted the relationship; Specific behaviours were identified that had the potential to facilitate or harm; Individual grief impacted the relationship; Couples’ utilized additional emotional support outside the relationship; Sex decreased. The themes were discussed within the context of the larger bereavement literature which included grieving differences, continuing bonds, and trauma models for couples. Themes were also discussed with regard for how to provide informed counselling interventions for bereaved parents, such as addressing issues that may arise because of grieving differences.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2014
Maturity Matters: How Ego Development Helps Chinese-Canadian Biculturals Flourish
Title:
Contributor:
Katherine Halvorson (author), Marvin McDonald (thesis supervisor), Mihaela Launeanu (second reader), Jeffery Yen (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This study explores bicultural identity integration (BII) processes of adult Chinese- Canadians. Research has indicated that BII is generally associated with higher levels of psychological well-being in immigrants. During their bicultural integration, immigrants undergo a significant process of personal development as they mature and become more capable in their new cultural communities. Connections among processes of psychosocial maturity (Loevinger’s ego development), well-being and bicultural identity provide the central focus for this investigation. All questionnaires in this investigation were presented in full bilingual format with both English and Chinese translations for all questions. A moderation analysis examined ways ego development may shape the relations between bicultural identity integration and psychological well-being. Using self-report instruments, data were collected online from a sample of 104 Chinese-Canadian bicultural adults. Results revealed that an overall model incorporating bicultural identity integration, ego development, and a moderation effect significantly predicted psychological well-being, explaining 26% of the variance of psychological well-being for our Chinese-Canadian bicultural sample. Examination of several features of moderation patterns revealed a modest moderation trend involving the blendedness & compartmentalization dimension of BII, p = .053, ΔR2 = .03, in explaining well-being. Although not statistically significant, the trend offers substantive guidance for future research. The bilingual presentation of items provided an environment to simultaneously evoke both cultural frames for participants, as demonstrated in language use patterns and participant comments. This pattern of results suggests that future research is warranted to further explore processes of bicultural integration development of Chinese-Canadian biculturals.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2016
Memories of Balaam: Translatability of a Religious Specialist in Ancient Israel
Title:
Contributor:
Ryan D. Schroeder (author), Craig Broyles (thesis supervisor), Dirk Büchner (second reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Scholars have employed the biblical Balaam traditions both in the defense of and in opposition to Jan Assmann’s assertion that early Israel rejected cross-cultural religious translatability. The Hebrew Bible’s diverse portrayals of Balaam have long stimulated scholarly, literary-critical analysis. Also, the Deir ʿAlla inscription provides an intriguing extra-biblical glimpse of this enigmatic character. In this study, I discern how these early depictions of Balaam reflect socially shaped and shared memories of Balaam as a foreign religious specialist who participated in Israel’s past. I argue that early memories of Balaam suggest his warm reception among Yhwh worshipping Israelites in spite of his foreign status. However, later guardians of Israel’s written traditions came to remember and write about Balaam as a diviner whose role in Israel’s past primarily served to demonstrate the dangers of non-Israelites and their abominable religious practices.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2015
The Messiah and Eschatology in the Psalms of Solomon
Title:
Contributor:
Scott Reynolds (author), na na (second reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
The central purpose of this thesis is to read the Psalms of Solomon as a literary and theological whole while considering the particular historical and theological milieu in which they were written. My reading of the Psalms of Solomon will demonstrate that, in these poems, the Messiah is expected to be a Davidic monarch who will restore the righteous to their appropriate position under the rule of YHWH with a decisive victory that will include the ingathering of the exiles in the penultimate period of history and an everlasting theocratic peace. I will further demonstrate that the writers of these psalms came to this conclusion through a careful rereading of their scriptural traditions based on their current historical circumstances. Connections will be drawn between this understanding of the Messiah’s eschatological role and the role of messianic figures in the Dead Sea Scrolls as well as messianic interpretations in the Septuagint.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2016

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