TWU Thesis Collection

Pages

Leveraging church culture : how understanding a church’s culture enhances ministry and community engagement
Title:
Contributor:
Michael Mawhorter (author), Lyle Schrag (thesis supervisor), Archie Spencer (second reader), Trinity Western University GSTS (Degree granting institution), Randy Wollf (third reader)
Abstract:
This study looked at organizational culture in a church context, exploring whether understanding and leveraging a church's culture helps focus ministry and maximizes effectiveness. The research used What Is Your Church's Personality, by Philip D. Douglass, in the ministry context of Ladner Baptist Church, Ladner B.C. There were three components to the research: 1. Thirty-five opinion leaders in the congregation took a personality survey with results plotted on a wheel of eight church personalities. 2. A meeting to report the results, with opportunity for feedback and discussion. 3. A follow up interview to assess whether the leadership found this process helpful in understanding their culture and leveraging it for greater effectiveness in ministry and outreach. The result of this project demonstrated that the survey accurately identified the church's personality and the supplemental material on each personality gave valuable insights into how to leverage that culture for greater effectiveness.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2015
Liberating Reason Through Tradition : A Hermeneutic Critique of the Subjective-Objective Dichotomy and Its Implications for Christianity
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Contributor:
Zarchary Porcu (author), Jens Zimmermann (thesis supervisor), Grant Havers (second reader), Robert Doede (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
The Enlightenment’s pursuit of verification pushed all knowledge into two categories: the objective and the subjective. Following this starting point, I argue for three things: First, that the Reformation movement is essentially conducted in the same spirit and with the same result as the Enlightenment: a push towards a certain kind of verifiability that ends up creating the same dichotomy between objective and subjective. Second, that the way to liberate reason from these problematic categories is to turn to Gadamer and the hermeneutic movement to re-contextualize and re-define how reason is used to acquire knowledge in light of our experience of it. Finally, that Eastern Orthodoxy provides a strong model for a Christianity animated by these hermeneutical principles, and further, that sacramental theology takes Gadamer's idea of truth as indwelling to its next logical step.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2015
Life Satisfaction and Associated Predictors in An Older Adult Population
Title:
Contributor:
Gwendolyn M. Williams (author), Richard Sawatzky (thesis supervisor), Angela C. Wolff (second reader), Marvin Mc Donald (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Older adults are increasing in numbers worldwide. Life satisfaction, a component of subjective wellbeing, is believed to be indicative of successful aging and longevity in older adults. The aim of this investigation was to explore socio-demographic, social support, and health-related factors explaining life satisfaction among community dwelling older adults. An ordinal logistic regression was conducted on data collected by the Canadian Community Health Survey 2015-2016 (N = 2678). Older men had higher life satisfaction, as did those attaining secondary school education. The factors explaining life satisfaction were perceived general and mental health, perceived life stress, having a strong sense of belonging to a local community, and physical activity. This result indicates that emphasizing healthy lifestyle practices earlier in life and keeping older adults active and socially engaged could increase and ensure satisfaction with life as people age. In designing, implementing, and evaluating care, clinicians should consider and utilize this construct.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2020
Lifespan Integration Efficacy: A Mixed Methods Multiple Case Study
Title:
Contributor:
Monica Hu (author), Janelle Kwee (thesis supervisor), Marvin McDonald (second reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Attachment theory and neurobiological research have much to say about the etiology and dynamics of psychological distress. Lifespan Integration (LI) therapy was developed by Peggy Pace (2003/2012) through years of treating adults with histories of childhood abuse and trauma. Since 2003 over one thousand clinicians have been trained in LI worldwide. Growing anecdotal reports of success call for research into LI's efficacy. A rigourous, adjudicated case study research design (Hermeneutic Single Case Efficacy Design, HSCED, Elliott, 2001, 2002) was expanded to accommodate three cases. In addition to the question of efficacy, whether and how LI protocols would be linked with the underlying theory via support in the data was also investigated. The results indicate that each of the three participants experienced significant clinical change and that there was alignment with theory supporting the claim that LI works to foster integration and other markers associated with higher functioning and mental health.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2014
Lifespan integration therapy with trauma-exposed children : a hermeneutic single case efficacy study
Title:
Contributor:
Christian Rensch (author), Janelle Kwee (thesis supervisor), Marvin McDonald (second reader), Susan Stephen (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Trauma in children is a devastating reality with immense psychological impact on the child. Numbers indicate that millions of children experience trauma every year. Outcome research therapy with trauma-exposed children is scarce and mostly focuses on cognitive and behavioural changes. Anecdotal evidence suggests that Lifespan Integration (LI) therapy integrates traumatic experiences into other life experiences leaving them feeling more congruent and renewed. In this research study, we investigate the efficacy of Lifespan Integration with children by means of careful examination of one participant. We applied Robert Elliott’s Hermeneutic Single Case Efficacy Research Design (2002, 2014), which uses quantitative and qualitative data to argue for and against therapy efficacy. The 12-year-old research participant received 8 sessions of LI over three months, and data was collected before, throughout, and after therapy. The extent of the client’s change over the course of therapy was investigated, as well as LI’s contribution to the change, and what parts of LI were most helpful in bringing about change. Findings indicate that the client changed substantially over the course of therapy with lasting effects at follow-up, LI was substantially responsible for this change, and the timeline as an LI specific modality helped to bring this change. Details about trauma-exposed children, the theoretical underpinnings of LI, a detailed description of the HSCED procedure, as well as further directions of LI and HSCED are discussed.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2015
The lived experience of learning psychomotor nursing skills
Title:
Contributor:
Anne Marie Redmond (author), Sonya Grypma (thesis supervisor), Mark Pijl-Zieber (second reader), Darlaine Jantzen (third reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Psychomotor skills are an integral component of the knowledge, attitude, and skills of nursing education. Using van Manen's approach to phenomenology (1997; 2006), this project explored third year nursing students' "lived experiences" of learning psychomotor skills. The aim of the study was to reveal how "learning to care" might be embedded in the process of learning psychomotor skills, based on the assumption that "caring" is a present but elusive concept in the experience. Data provided some fresh understandings of nursing pedagogy. The students' memorable learning experiences revealed a learning anxiety arising from the knowledge that a person will be the recipient of their care. This anxiety is present in different ways in the skills lab and clinical setting. In addition, students' experiences revealed caring through empathy, relationships, advocacy, integrating, affecting patient outcomes, and professional behaviors. These themes resonate with Roach's theory (2002) of caring as a human mode of being.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2013
The lived experience of men in reparative therapy
Title:
Contributor:
William Stanus (author), Marvin McDonald (thesis supervisor), William Dreikorn (second reader), Derrick Klaassen (second reader), Mark Yarhouse (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This study is a phenomenological exploration of client voice in psychotherapy. Five men were recruited from the Thomas Aquinas Psychological Clinic while in reparative therapy for issues related to unwanted Same-Sex Attraction (SSA). Open-ended interviews were conducted by telephone and then transcribed and analyzed via a phenomenological research methodology. Thematic analysis yielded 11 themes which described these men's experiences in therapy and the impact of therapy on their lives as a whole, including domains such as work, relationships, and sense of self. Reparative therapy for these men emerged as primarily about a struggle for healing of masculine identity. Benefits included being able to build better non-sexual relationships with men, becoming more open to intimate relating to a woman, and improving their sense of themselves as men. This research has shed further light on the process of reparative therapy as it is practiced at the Aquinas Clinic.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2013
The lived experience of moral injury in the context of intimate partner relationships: A phenomenological exploration
Title:
Contributor:
Sara Kuburic (author), Mihaela Launeanu (thesis supervisor), Derrick Klaassen (second reader), Tennyson Samraj (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
Moral injury (MI) represents a unique psychological suffering instigated by one's transgression of moral values, beliefs, and expectations. MI has a serious negative impact on the psychological, existential, behavioural, and relational aspects of an individual's life. At its core, MI shakes and sometimes shatters one's sense of self, perception of humanity, and overall worldview, bringing into question fundamental values of the human existence. Thus far, research studies on MI have focused almost exclusively on investigating MI within the military context, and no study has yet investigated the lived experience of MI. The present study aimed to examine the lived experience of MI in the context of intimate partner relationships. To this end, adult participants who self-identified as having experienced moral injury due to emotional abuse and/or infidelity within their intimate partner relationships were interviewed using hermeneutic phenomenology as research method. Through the phenomenological analysis of the participants' lived experience, six core thematic meanings of MI emerged: (1) self-estrangement, (2) transgressions and discord, (3) sudden awareness, (4) lostness and sorrow, (5) will to change, and (6) the aftermath. Phenomenological writing further elaborated these thematic meanings in an effort to uncover the phenomenon of MI in the context of intimate partner relationships. The findings of this study uncovered the phenomenon of MI as a process of unraveling, becoming and transforming through suffering. The theoretical contributions and clinical implications of this study are discussed in terms of emphasizing the transformative potential of moral injury experienced in relational context. Moreover, this study revealed the importance of self and self-estrangement in the experience of MI, in addition to other key components of the phenomenon (i.e., awareness and agency).
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2018
The lived experiences of romantic relationships following child loss
Title:
Contributor:
Erin Buhr (author), Derrick Klaassen (thesis supervisor), Briana N. Goff (second reader), Paige Toller (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This study examined the impact a child’s death had on bereaved parent’s relationships with their significant other utilizing phenomenology. The research question was “what was the experience of the relationship with your significant other following the loss of your child?” Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight participants. Themes included: The relationship changed after the child’s death; Communication was important to the relationship dynamic; Grieving differences existed and impacted the relationship; Specific behaviours were identified that had the potential to facilitate or harm; Individual grief impacted the relationship; Couples’ utilized additional emotional support outside the relationship; Sex decreased. The themes were discussed within the context of the larger bereavement literature which included grieving differences, continuing bonds, and trauma models for couples. Themes were also discussed with regard for how to provide informed counselling interventions for bereaved parents, such as addressing issues that may arise because of grieving differences.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2014
Living Well with Long Term Type 1 Diabetes
Title:
Contributor:
Donna Epp (author), Barbara Astle (second reader), Betty Jean Tucker (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution), Sonya Grypma (thesis supervisor)
Abstract:
Although many studies have explored the experience of the person with Type 1 Diabetes, most examine the experience of the child, adolescent, or the person in transition to adulthood. Few studies focus on the person living long term with Type 1 Diabetes. This study explored the facilitators and barriers to living well with Type 1 Diabetes for the long term. Four themes were identified: accommodating and battling the disease, the convenience and constraint of technology and treatment, self-reliance and reliance on others, and external and personal knowledge. Implications for the health care team include: recognize the person is the expert on their diabetes and develop a relationship of collegiality and problem solving; as the context of a person’s life affects their diabetes management, have conversations about life, beyond just diabetes control; and screen for, learn about, and be aware of ways to address diabetes distress.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2017
The Marketed Image of Nursing to Prospective Students of Canadian Baccalaureate Nursing Programs
Title:
Contributor:
Heather Elliott (author), Sonya Grypma (thesis supervisor), Joan Boyce (second reader), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This qualitative descriptive study examined and compared the online marketing materials of 91 baccalaureate nursing programs in Canada. It explored the prevalent physical and affective characteristics of nursing as marketed to prospective nursing students in five different regions of Canada (Eastern, Northern, Central, Prairie, and Western). The study examined Canadian nursing program websites for their emphasis on (1) descriptions of the symbos, roles and goals of nursing; (2) the character, characteristics and qualifications of nurses; (3) the human populations and physical environments wherein nurses work; (4) the bahaviours and work of nurses; (5) the selection criteria of nursing students; (6) approaches to nursing education, including the foci of curriculum; and (7) representations of commitment by nursing students and professional nurses. The study found that the Canadian image of nursing as marketed on baccalaureate websites varies according to region, with marked differences noted between online marketing materials of Francophone and anglophone program websites. The study findings raise questions about the "honesty" (congruence) of marketing images, and highlight the lack of "commitment" and "persistence" as attitudes and behaviours necessary for nursing practice in Canada. This study has implications for prospective students of nursing, nursing educators, nursing program developers, nursing recruiters, and governing nursing organizations and associations.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2011
Maturity Matters: How Ego Development Helps Chinese-Canadian Biculturals Flourish
Title:
Contributor:
Katherine Halvorson (author), Marvin McDonald (thesis supervisor), Mihaela Launeanu (second reader), Jeffery Yen (external examiner), Trinity Western University SGS (Degree granting institution)
Abstract:
This study explores bicultural identity integration (BII) processes of adult Chinese- Canadians. Research has indicated that BII is generally associated with higher levels of psychological well-being in immigrants. During their bicultural integration, immigrants undergo a significant process of personal development as they mature and become more capable in their new cultural communities. Connections among processes of psychosocial maturity (Loevinger’s ego development), well-being and bicultural identity provide the central focus for this investigation. All questionnaires in this investigation were presented in full bilingual format with both English and Chinese translations for all questions. A moderation analysis examined ways ego development may shape the relations between bicultural identity integration and psychological well-being. Using self-report instruments, data were collected online from a sample of 104 Chinese-Canadian bicultural adults. Results revealed that an overall model incorporating bicultural identity integration, ego development, and a moderation effect significantly predicted psychological well-being, explaining 26% of the variance of psychological well-being for our Chinese-Canadian bicultural sample. Examination of several features of moderation patterns revealed a modest moderation trend involving the blendedness & compartmentalization dimension of BII, p = .053, ΔR2 = .03, in explaining well-being. Although not statistically significant, the trend offers substantive guidance for future research. The bilingual presentation of items provided an environment to simultaneously evoke both cultural frames for participants, as demonstrated in language use patterns and participant comments. This pattern of results suggests that future research is warranted to further explore processes of bicultural integration development of Chinese-Canadian biculturals.
Discipline/Stream:
Publication Year:
2016

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